A dental bridge is an oral prosthetic that closes the space left by multiple missing teeth. It has two main components: artificial teeth called pontics and crowns (abutments) placed on the two teeth closest to the space on both sides. The artificial teeth can be made from various materials like gold, silver, and other metals,…
A Guide to 4 Types of Dental Bridge
A dental bridge is one of the options available for replacing one or more missing teeth. Bridgework is usually provided as a fixed solution that is not detachable, unlike dentures. Bridges work to fill the gap left by missing teeth and restore full oral functions as well as the smile. Continue reading to discover some of the types of dental bridges available.
4 Types of dental bridge
Four main types of bridges are available, depending on the number of missing teeth and the presence of healthy teeth on the jaw. A typical bridgework contains fake teeth, known as pontics, and dental crowns to anchor the bridge.
1. Traditional bridge
The traditional bridge is the most common type of bridge. This bridge is used when there are one or more healthy teeth present on both sides of the missing tooth. The enamel of these teeth will be filed down, and a crown will be used to cover them. The bridge is a single extensive structure that is typically made from porcelain and fits snugly between the teeth.
2. Maryland bridge
The Maryland dental bridge is more conservative in comparison to the conventional dental bridge. Also called a resin-bonded or adhesive bridge, the pontics can be made of porcelain, metal, or acrylic and anchored to the gum line via a metal or porcelain framework. The framework is then connected to the teeth located close to the gap. It is an excellent option if the patient does not want to have any of their healthy teeth modified for dental crowns.
3. Cantilever dental bridge
The cantilever bridge is like the traditional bridge but is used when there are healthy teeth on one side of the missing tooth only. The process entails filing down the enamel layer of the natural tooth and covering it with a crown that is connected to a pontic. Like the regular bridge, the bridge will cover the gap. This bridge is not usually recommended for restoring lost back teeth where there is a lot of chewing force generated that can damage it. They are not as common as the other types of dental bridges.
4. Implant-supported bridge
An implant bridge has a similar structure as the traditional dental bridge but is supported by dental implants, instead of natural teeth. This option can be used to replace three to six missing teeth. Two implants are placed in the jawbone on the two sides of the gap and a crown is attached, then the bridgework is between them. It is typically more stable and comfortable than the other dental bridge options.
Ready to replace those missing teeth?
Damaged or missing teeth can affect the appearance of the smile, as well as the ability to perform certain functions like eating and speaking. You have multiple options when it comes to restoring a missing tooth with dental bridges. Each option has its benefits and drawbacks. With the help of an experienced dentist, you can have a tooth restoration that works best for you.
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